Property Law governs both, movable and immovable properties. Property Law is primarily governed by Transfer of Property Act which is also called TPA in short, Hindu Succession Act, Indian Succession Act and other civil minor acts. Following reliefs can be sought under property laws.
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PROPERTY LAWS


1. Partition of an Immovable property
2. Probate of a will
3. Declaration of Ownership
4. Petition for obtaining Succession Certificate
5. Petition for obtaining letter of Administration
6. Suit for Permanent Injunction
7. Suit for Mandatory Injunction
8. Suit for Mesne Profits
9. Suit for Recovery of Possession of property
10. Suit for cancellation of Sale Deed
11. Suit for cancellation of Gift Deed
………………………..and a number of other suits following the principle of “ubi jus ibi remedium”

Section 6 of Hindu Succession Act . Devolution of interest in coparcenary property

- (1) On and from the commencement of the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005, in a Joint Hindu family governed by the Mitakshara law, the daughter of a coparcener shall, -
(a) by birth become a coparcener in her own right the same manner as the son;
(b) have the same rights in the coparceners property as she would have had if she had been a son;
(c) be subject to the same liabilities in respect of the said coparceners property as that of a son, and any reference to a Hindu Mitakshara coparcener shall be deemed to include a CM (Main) No. 995/2009 Page 10 of 14 reference to a daughter of a coparcener:
Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall affect or invalidate any disposition or alienation including any partition or testamentary disposition of property which had taken place before the 20th day of December, 2004.
(2) Any property to which a female Hindu becomes entitled by virtue of sub-section (1) shall be held by her with the incidents of coparceners ownership and shall be regarded, notwithstanding anything contained in this Act or any other law for the time being in force in, as property capable of being disposed of by her by testamentary disposition.
(3) Where a Hindu dies after the commencement of the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005, his interest in the property of a Joint Hindu family governed by the Mitakshara law, shall devolve by testamentary or intestate succession, as the case may be, under this Act and not by survivorship, and the coparceners property shall be deemed to have been divided as if a partition had taken place and, --
(a) the daughter is allotted the same share as is allotted to a son;
(b) the share of the pre-deceased son or a pre-deceased daughter, as they would have got had they been alive at the time of partition, shall be allotted to the surviving child of such pre- deceased son or of such pre-deceased daughter; and
(c) the share of the pre-deceased child of a pre-deceased son or of a pre-deceased daughter, as such child would have got had he or she been alive at the time of the partition, shall be allotted to the child of such pre-deceased child of the pre-deceased so or a pre-deceased daughter, as the case may be.
Explanation.-- For the purposes of this sub-section, the interest of a Hindu Mitakshara coparcener shall be deemed to be the share in the property that would have been allotted to him if a partition of the property had taken place immediately before his death, irrespective of whether he was entitled to claim partition or not.
(4) After the commencement of the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005, no court shall recognize any right to proceed against a son, grandson or great-grandson for the recovery of any debt due from his father, grandfather or great grandfather solely on the ground of the pious obligation under the Hindu law, of such son, grandson or great-grandson to discharge any such debt:
Provided that in the case of any debt contracted before the commencement of the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005, nothing contained in this sub-section shall affect-- CM (Main) No. 995/2009 Page 11 of 14 (a) the right of any creditor to proceed against the son, grandson or great-grandson, as the case may be; or (b) any alienation made in respect of or in satisfaction of, any such debt, and any such right or alienation shall be enforceable under the rule of pious obligation in the same manner and to the same extent as it would have been enforceable as if the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005 had not been enacted.
Explanation.--For the purposes of clause (a), the expression "son", "grandson" or "great-grandson" shall be deemed to refer to the son, grandson or great-grandson, as the case may be, who was born or adopted prior to the commencement of the Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005.
(5) Nothing contained in this section shall apply to a partition, which has been effected before the 20th day of December, 2004.
Explanation- For the purposes of this section "partition" means any partition made by execution of a deed of partition duly registered under the Registration Act, 1908 or partition effected by a decree of a court."

Probate of a will

“Section 213 : Right as executor or legatee when established –
(1) No right as executor or legatee can be established in any court of justice, unless a court of competent jurisdiction in India has granted probate of the will under which the right is claimed, or has granted letters of administration with the will or with a copy of an authenticated copy of the will annexed.
[(2) This section shall not apply in the case of wills made by Mahommedans and shall only apply in the case of wills made by any Hindu Buddhist, Sikh or Jaina where such wills are of the classes specified in ‘Clauses (a) and (b) of Section 57.’]
The above sub-s (2) is substituted, by the Indian Succession, (Amendment) Act 16 of 1962 dated 30 March 1962, by the following :

(2) This section shall not apply in the case of wills made by Mahommedans, and shall only apply -
(i) in the case of wills made by any Hindu, Buddhist, Sikh, or Jaina where such will are of the classes specified in cll (a) and (b) of s 57; and
(ii) in the case of wills made by any Parsi dying, after the commencement of the Indian Succession (Amendment) Act 1962 where such will are made within the local limits of the ordinary civil jurisdiction of the High Courts of Calcutta, Madras and Bombay and where such wills are made outside those limits, in so far as they relate to immoveable property situate within those limits.”

 





 
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